There are several kinds of diseases and treatment in existence. A disease can be defined as an abnormal condition which would affect the body of any organism. More often, disease is construed as the medical condition which is associated with the specific signs and symptoms. A disease could be caused by the external factors, internal dysfunctions. The symptoms can be physical, mental or sometimes both. Those diseases which have a sudden onset followed by the rapid changes but lasting only for a short duration are called as acute diseases. The diseases which have their effects which continue for months or years are called as chronic disease.
The major kinds of diseases and treatment are as follows:
The physical diseases are those which involve the temporary or permanent damages to the body. This kind of disease might include all other kinds of diseases and treatment except the mental diseases where there are no signs of physical damages to the brain of the affected person. A typical example of physical disease would be leprosy.
Infectious diseases are those diseases which are caused by pathogens like viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms and insects. These pathogens could be transmitted from one person to another through social contact, sexual contact or animal bites. Some of the examples of various infectious diseases can be:
– Bacterial Infections: Bacterial Sepsis, Bacterial Conjunctivitis, Anthrax, Plague, Typhoid fever
– Fungal Infections: Aspergillosis, Candidiasis, Fungal keratitis
– Mycobacterial Infections: Miliary Tuberculosis, Tuberculosis
– Parasitic Infections: Amebiasis, Malaria, Pinworm
– Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Syphilis, Ureaplasma infection
– Viral Infections: Chickenpox, Dengue, CMV Retinitis, Influenza, Poliomyelitis, Smallpox
The infectious diseases can be treated with various kinds of anti-infective agents like antibiotics, antivirals, anti-parasitics and antifungals.
These are the diseases which are not caused by the pathogens and could not be passed from one to another by physical contacts. A typical example of this type would be sickle cell anemia.
These are the nutritional diseases that are caused by the inadequate or unbalanced diets. A short supply of one or more essential nutrients may lead to this kind of disease. Example of deficiency disease would be scurvy which is caused due to the shortage of vitamin C.
The inherited diseases are caused by the genes and could be transferred from parents to children. Sometimes, these types of diseases are called genetic diseases. An example of genetic disease is cystic fibrosis and this is characterized by the building up of sticky mucus.
The hereditary diseases could be treated by using the enzyme replacement therapy, bone marrow transplantation or gene therapy.
The degenerative diseases are characterized by the gradual loss of functions in one or more organs or tissues. These diseases might be due to the poor nutrition in childhood or due to the immune system that are attacking the body’s own cells.
The treatments or medical therapies are the efforts for curing or improving a disease. Common treatments in practice are: medications, surgeries, medical devices and self care.