There are several kinds of gases we can find around us. Some of these gases are produced in our homes and industries through emissions. Common among all kinds of gases include, Carbon monoxide, Radon, Carbon dioxide, Methane, and Nitrogen.
Carbon monoxide is among the most poisonous kinds of gases which are usually formed when fuels like kerosene or gas are burned. It is odorless, tasteless, and colorless, which makes it hard to detect. High level of this gas can be produced by HVAC equipment and malfunctioning appliances, causing bausea, dizziness, and severe headaches. An intake of a high level of this gas or prolonged inhaling can result to death.
This is a radioactive gas that occurs naturally as a result of uranium breakdown. The soil and igneous rock are two major producers of this kind of gas. Radon can travel through certain materials like wood and concrete and are usually thicker than other kinds of gases. Apart from inhalation, radon can be taken into the body through the drinking of contaminated water. Cancer is a long time effect of this kind of gas and is usually not easy to detect unless a test is carried out.
This is the most common of all kinds of gases. It is equally one of the most important as it is used by plants and animals. They are produced mainly by combustion, through respiration, and of living organisms, and in fermentation of sugars in beer production. Carbon dioxide is a very important gas for plants as they utilize it to photosynthesize carbohydrate. They are emitted from geysers, hot springs, and volcanoes. Carbon dioxide can equally be found with oil and gas deposits deep under the sea. It is usually harmless but a very high level of it might pose problems. An excess of CO2 is not friendly to the ecosystem, hence, there are sensitizations and awareness all over the world to reduce the rate of CO2 emissions in the environment. CO2 is the major gas that is responsible for global warming. Its emissions can be greatly reduced in the environment by the use of alternative sources of fuels that do not emit CO2.
CO2 emission is the highest of all kinds of gases while nitrous oxide and methane are difficult and to control because they are produced naturally and cannot be transported or transferred.
Methane is the most abundant of all kinds of gases on earth, making it a very attractive fuel. However, transporting it from its production source is usually difficult because it is one of the gases that stay at normal conditions.
Nitrogen constitutes 78.09% of the atmosphere of the earth. The gas is tasteless, odorless, and colorless. It is a very common natural gas and is synthesized by the fusion of hydrogen and carbon in supernovas. Though it is abundant at the atmosphere, it is not common on the earth’s surface. It is equally found in the atmospheres moons and planets that have atmospheres.
There are equally other kinds of gases which are produced naturally and artificially. Some of them include Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), Phosphorus fluoride (PFC), Hydrogen fluoride (HFC), and nitrus oxide (N2O).