Wood work is a popular hobby of around the world, for those who want to indulge in this hobby it is important to know the different kinds of wood joints. Without knowing the different kinds of wood joints one cannot start constructing anything with wood. If one does not get the kinds of wood joints right the structure may not hold up. This is why it is of utmost importance to know all the various types of wood joints.
Here are the various kinds of wood joints that are crucial when it comes to woodworks:
– Butt joints- there are two kinds of butt joints :-
– Basic butt joints- This joint is generally are two pieces of woods put together at right angles using mechanical fasteners. It is most useful while making wall mounted constructions. This is the most basic of the different kinds of wood joints.
– Mitered butt joints- The basic difference between the basic and mitered butt joints is the angle at which the pieces of wood are fastened. Instead of being fastened at right angles, like the basic butt joints, the mitered butt joints are fastened at different angles.
– Tongue and groove joint- this joint is a stronger version of the butt joints. The joint is particularly useful while joining to boards of wood using glue instead of mechanical fasteners, since this joint offers more surface area to fasten.
– Dado joint- like the tongue and groove this involves cutting a square or rectangular slot on one piece of wood and then fixing the other piece in the slot.
– Rabbet joint- this is similar to a dado but the groove is cut along the edge of the board in this case.
– Biscuit joint- using beechwood biscuits two boards are held together to form a biscuit joint.
– Mortise and Tenon joint- in this joint the Mortise, which is a hole in a piece of wood, is filled by the tenon, which is the perfectly shaped protrusion on the other piece. The tenon must fit perfectly into the mortise. This offers a sturdy joint that has been in use for ages.
– Half Lap joint- chunks of the two wood pieces to be joined are cut out at the middle of the boards. The two pieces are then fastened at the cuts since they perfectly fit the cut slot.
– Pocket joint- this joint involves drilling a hole in two pieces of wood that you want to attach together and then connecting the two using screws.
– Dovetail joints- there are 3 kinds of dovetail joints:-
– Through- in this joint jigs are cut on the edge of two boards, the jigs must be interlocking. Once the jigs are cut they are fitted and fixed together.
– Half-blind- this is just like a through dovetail joint but the joints are hidden by cutting the jigs in such an angle.
– Sliding- this is different from the other two since this joint is a movable joint. An elongated jig is cut on one board and the other piece of wood slides in and out of that jig.
– Box joint- a more practical version of the dovetail joint uses the same jig cuts but offers more strength.
These are the more popular kinds of wood joints that are used for simple as well as complex woodwork constructions.